B.A. Stanford University 1967
M.A. Duquesne University 1970
Ph.D. University of Pennsylvania 1976

Academic interests

History of science and medicine, French history and twentieth-century Europe; global health history; humanitarian assistance


Fulbright Scholar, National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, National Endowment for the Humanities


An Empire for the Masses: The French Popular Image of Africa, 1870-1900(Greenwood Press 1982);
Quality and Quantity: The Quest for Biological Regeneration in 20th Century France (Cambridge University Press 1990);
(editor)Rockefeller Philanthropy and Modern Biomedicine: International Initiatives from World War I to the Cold War (Indiana University Press 2002)
The Story of One Life, co-editor of translation and annotation of autobiography of Ludwig Hirszfeld (Rochester, NY: University of Rochester Press, 2010)
The History of Blood Transfusion in Sub-Saharan Africa (Cambridge, OH: Ohio University Press, fall 2013)