B.F.A., Washington University, St. Louis, 1959 (Painting and Stone Sculpture)
M.A., Washington University, St. Louis, 1968 (Art History)
Ed.D., Ball State University, 1985 (Art History)
M.A., Ball State University, 1985 (Philosophy)
ABD, The Ohio State University, 1985-92 (Philosophy).

Academic interests

Analytic philosophy, C.S. Peirce, Michael Polanyi, logic, epistemology, philosophy of art


Frequently taught courses: Introduction to Philosophy (P110), Ethics (P120), Logic (P162), Philosophy of Art (P367).


Nelson D. Rockefeller Foundation Grant, Artist-in-residence (stone sculpture), 1976, 
Who's Who Among America's Teachers, 2003 
Who's Who Among America's Teachers, 2005 
Who's Who Among America's Teachers, 2007 
IUPUI Trustees Teaching Award, 2007.


Articles in Journal of Aesthetics and Art CriticismReview of Research in Art EducationWorking Papers in Art EducationThe Polish ReviewDictionary of American Philosophers.


Member, Admissions Committee, Philosophy MA Program