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Position Papers - World Food Programme


Committee: World Food Programme
Topic: Malnutrition
Country: Australia
Delegate: Jessica Olmstead, Center Grove High School

Australia’s participation in the World Food Programme is to help malnutrition across the world. Australia itself only has less than 2.5 percent of its population suffering from malnutrition. When Australia joined the World Food Programme, it agreed to act quickly in emergencies to prevent member nations from starvation and to help improve people’s lives. The Programme provides food aid payments to help the citizens of a country help themselves. Also the create school feeding projects for the children, to encourage parents to help in the cause, by making their kids attend school. Also the Programme has made nutritional supplements to help babies make a healthy start.

Australia itself has donated $9,296,783 in February. On the list on WFP donors, it is tenth on the list in 2008. On average, Australia donates $60 million to the cause, every year. Australia does not have a specific organization to collect money. Australia has helped before in an emergency operation in Bangladesh. This was when a cyclone has hit, leaving many homeless and without food. Though their money is considered marginal when compared to the United States, their money helped Bangladesh recover.

Australia has always been a major contributor in the World Food Programme. Australia participates in the Integrated Pest management in Asia, trying to get Asian farmers to attend Field School. Field School is to teach the Asians how to properly use and treat their crops. Australia has never needed to use the WFP for itself.

Committee: World Food Programme
Topic: Emergency Response/Food Distribution
Country: The Commonwealth of Australia
Delegate: Julie Dezern, Center Grove High School
Natural disasters are a major cause behind hunger. As such, the UN must be prepared for the quickest emergence assistance possibly, especially through the distribution of food. The main natural disasters which are the source of emergencies needing food assistance are earthquakes, hurricanes, tsunamis and floods. Other factors leading to hunger which need international assistance include poverty and displacement (normally from political instability in certain regions.)
Many of the countries requiring WFP’s aid lie in the underdeveloped countries of sub-Saharan Africa, the Middle East, Latin America, Asia and the Pacific. Assistance must be provided to these countries in order to bring them out of poverty and advance development within them. Therefore, an emergency must be responded to with haste in order to continue development in these nations.
Within Australia, several organisations exist to handle internal emergencies such as the Commonwealth Counter-Disaster Task Force and the Australian Government Emergency Management Organisation amongst others. The less Australia must really upon international help during emergencies, the fewer burdens there will be on other nations during times of crisis.
Internationally, Australia has helped many other countries in need through the Government organisation AusAID. The tsunami of 26 December 2004 was a major disaster affecting millions along the Indian Ocean. The Australian Government promised $10 million dollars in humanitarian aid which quickly grew to over $280 million over the next few months. The Australia-Indonesia Partnership for Reconstruction and Development was creating, consisting of $500 million in grants and $500 million in concessional leans over forty years. The programme will give $1.8 billion of aid to Indonesia over a 5-year period.
AusAID also pledged a $45 million package of assistance in 2008, which includes support for the Palestinian Authority's three-year reform and development program. This money is going towards essential health and education services, emergency and humanitarian assistance to Palestinian refugees and to improve food security while hoping to find a peaceful solution to the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict.
In Africa, AusAID is giving $40 million in 2007-2008 for HIV/AIDS care and prevention, food security, water supply and sanitation and education.
The Commonwealth of Australia believes that by helping Australia’s neighbours recover from natural disasters, poverty and political instability; they will further develop into prosperous, peace-loving nations. If every developed country would concentrate their aid on neighbouring countries and those in dire need of international assistance, the development of underdeveloped countries would go by much faster and hunger in the world will be greatly reduced with much more food security available.


Indianapolis Model United Nations


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