IUPUI Branding Bar


Position Papers - United Nations Environmental Programme


Committee: United Nations Environment Programme
Topic: Renewable Energy
Country: The Commonwealth of Australia
Delegate: Matthew Orr, Center Grove High School
Fossil fuels are running out. It is estimated that by 2050, there will not be enough oil left in the world to support the human population. All nations must seek out the development and commercialisation of new, renewable sources of energy such as eolian, photovoltaic, tidal, geothermal, and hydraulic sources. The Commonwealth of Australia does not endorse the use of nuclear energy and strongly discourages its continuation.
The Commonwealth of Australia supports the renewable energy industry as part of a range of low emissions technologies. The Australian Government’s Mandatory Renewable Energy Target was established on 1 April 2001. Australia’s goal is to obtain a 20 percent share for renewable energy in the electricity supply by 2020.
Australia sees potential in photovoltaic energy. The Government, the private sector and local communities have worked together to create the Solar Cities project. This program is currently comprised of five Solar Cities: Adelaide, Townsville, Blacktown, Alice Springs and Central Victoria. Research from these cities allows Australia to gather information to reduce greenhouse gases and protect the environment. In 2007, it was announced that Perth and Coburg will make the transition to becoming the newest Solar Cities. This expansion is proof of this programme's success.
Central Australia has been the vanguard for geothermal energy. With the exploration of Australian companies in geothermal energy, Australia expects to receive approximately 6.8% of their base load power needs by 2030.
In order to fuel vehicle engines, Australia is encouraging the use of biodiesel. The Australian Parliament introduced the Energy Grants (Cleaner Fuels) Scheme Bill 2003 on 11 September 2003 to “establish the cleaner fuels grants scheme which provides grants to importers and manufacturers of cleaner fuels.” In 2006-2007, $99 million in subsidies were given to Ethanol oils.
In order to advance and commercialise renewable energy development, the Government has created the Renewable Energy Development Initiative (REDI). The goal of REDI is to make renewable energy commercial and potentially reduce greenhouse gases. To do this, the program funds up to $100 million dollar in competitive, merit-based grants to distribute to Australian businesses in hopes of further advancing the importance of renewable energy in Australia’s electricity supply.
In attempts to abate greenhouse gas emissions, Australia is spending $26.9 million to fund businesses, industries and local communities to incorporate small scale low emission technologies.
Beyond funding small businesses, Australia rebates for up to 50% of capital costs to isolated areas in Australia to guarantee the availability of renewable energy everywhere in Australia. By doing so, it allows all of Australia, both rural and urban, to benefit from the uses of renewable energy.
Other nations may be using different methods to develop and commercialise the use of renewable energy. The Commonwealth of Australia will support these nations in their efforts and hopes to share information to benefit each other and the global environment. Australia hopes to help expand the use of renewable energy throughout the entire world.


Committee: United Nations Environment Programme
Topic: Climate Change
Country: The Commonwealth of Australia
Delegate: Brittany Cohen, Center Grove High School

Over the last century, annual temperatures have increased by over 1 °C and will continue to rise at an even higher rate in the future. Sea levels are rising. The nations of the world must reduce their negative impact on the environment in order to continue human life.

The Commonwealth of Australia ratified the Kyoto Protocol on 3 December 2007. It will take effect in March 2008.

"The Kyoto Protocol is an agreement under which industrialized countries will reduce their collective emissions of greenhouse gases by 5.2% compared to the year 1990 (but note that, compared to the emissions levels that would be expected by 2010 without the Protocol, this limitation represents a 29% cut). The goal is to lower overall emissions of six greenhouse gases - carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, sulphur hexafluoride, hydro fluorocarbons, and per fluorocarbons - averaged over the period of 2008-2012. National limitations range from 8% reductions for the European Union and some others to 7% for the US, 6% for Japan, 0% for Russia, and permitted increases of 8% for Australia and 10% for Iceland.

Australia has projected to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 109% of the 1990 emissions level over the period 2008-2012. On 28 July 2005, Australia agreed to sign the Asian Pacific Partnership on Clean Development and Climate. According to the Constitution of Australia, environmental matters are under the jurisdiction of the States.

 The Commonwealth of Australia is working hard to reduce the amount of greenhouse gas emissions it produces. Despite our allowance for an 8% increase of emissions, Australia is still working to reduce its emissions levels.


Indianapolis Model United Nations


John McCormick - Faculty Advisor Hanna Smiddy - Co-President Jeremy Bellotti - Co-President