- PhD University of Chicago 1973
- MA University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee 1967
- BA University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee 1965
Global trends and issues, geopolitics, geography of Europe in general and of Italy in particular, European integration, and global investment and capital flows. Particular interest in the Geography of Wine and the evolution of wine landscapes. Special interest in the wine regions and landscapes of Europe.
Fulbright Scholar (Italy) 1967
Patterns of Urban Growth in the Russian Empire During the Nineteenth Century. The University of Chicago. Department of Geography. Research Paper No. 163. 1975. 245 pp.
Promoting greater public awareness of international affairs through over 100 community presentations