Department of Philosophy

Combined Degrees

The Department of Philosophy and the IU School of Law offer combined degrees in Law (J.D.) and Philosophy (M.A.), with a concentration in either Bioethics or International Research Ethics.

The Department of Philosophy and the IU School of Medicine offer combined degrees in Medicine (M.D.) and Philosophy (M.A.), with a concentration in Bioethics.

The Department of Philosophy and the Department of Public Health in the IU School of Medicine offer dual degrees in Public Health (M.P.H.) and Philosophy (M.A.), with a concentration in either Bioethics or International Research Ethics.

Applicants for the combined/dual degrees must apply separately to both the Philosophy program and either the Law School, Medical School, or Public Health program.

Combined Degrees in Law (J.D.) and Philosophy (M.A.)

In combining the philosophical study of bioethics with the study of law, students will acquire the perspective, knowledge, and expertise that will equip them to provide leadership concerning the bioethical issues faced by institutions such as state and federal agencies, healthcare organizations, research and educational institutions, corporations (national and multinational), human rights organizations, medical insurers, and religious bodies.

The Indiana University School of Law - Indianapolis has a nationally recognized Center for Law and Health and a program in health law that is ranked among the top ten in the nation.

Students completing the program will receive a Juris Doctor (J.D.) degree in Law and a Master of Arts (M.A.) degree in Philosophy, with a concentration in either Bioethics or International Research Ethics.

Through the combined degrees program, the two degrees can be obtained with a total of 108 earned credits, as compared with the 120 credits required if the degrees are obtained separately.

Up to six credits of health law courses can be counted toward both the 90 credits required for the J.D. in Law and the 30 credits required for the M.A. in Philosophy.

Additionally, if a student successfully petitions to complete a 6 cr. thesis or research project addressing legal and philosophical aspects of a bioethical issue, it may also count for the senior law paper requirement unless one is electing to submit a law review note. Students who complete the combined degrees program will also receive 6 credits toward the 90 credits required for the JD in Law.

For the curricular requirements for each degree, please click J.D., M.A. (Bioethics), or M.A. (International Research Ethics). Below is a sample schedule that shows how the curricular requirements for both degrees can be met in the combined degrees program for the Bioethics concentration:

Sample Schedule

(Italicized courses are counted toward both degrees)

First Year
Law Program: 31 cr.

Civil Procedure I-II
Contracts and Sales I-II
Legal Writing I-II

Property
Torts
Constitutional Law
Criminal Law


Summer
Law Program: 6 cr.

LAW selections

Second Year & Summer
Philosophy MA Program: 14 cr.; Law Program: 13 cr.

PHIL P547 Foundations of Bioethics (3 cr.)

PHIL P540 Contemporary Ethical Theories (3 cr.)

MHHS M504 Introduction to Research Ethics (3 cr.)

LAW Bioethics and Law (2 cr.)

LAW Financing & Regulating Health Care (3 cr.)

LAW Legal Writing III (2 cr.)
LAW Evidence (4 cr.)
LAW Professional Responsibility (2 cr.)


Third Year & Summer
Philosophy MA Program: 11 cr.; Law Program: 18 cr.

PHIL P553 Philosophy of Science (3 cr.)

PHIL P600 Topics in Philosophy (3 cr.)

SOC R515 Sociology of Health and Illness (3 cr.)

LAW Law and Public Health Care (2 cr.)
Other LAW selections (16 cr.)


Fourth Year
Philosophy MA Program: 6 cr.; Law Program: 16 cr.

PHIL P555 Ethical and Policy Issues in International Research (3 cr.)

PHIL P696 Topics in Biomedical Ethics (3 cr.)

LAW selections (16 cr.)

COURSES IN LAW (J.D.) THAT MAY COUNT AS SPECIALIZED ELECTIVES FOR PHILOSOPHY (M.A.)

AIDS: Ethical, Legal and Policy Issues (2 cr.) DN696 examines the social and legal response to the AIDS pandemic, as well as ethical issues raised by various measures implemented to limit the spread of the disease. Among other topics, the course will explore the law and ethics of contact tracing and the potential conflict of health care workers between duties of confidentiality to the patient and duties of disclosure to affected third parties. The course will also survey the potential tort and criminal liability of those who expose others to the disease.

Concepts in Sexuality for the Clinician (3 cr.) 93ZH890 addresses the often delicate issue of human sexuality as it relates to clinical medicine in particular, and being human and involved in human relationship in general. Experts in their field, faculty members will present lectures, lead discussions, and enable students to better understand the complex interplay between sex, culture, and gender, while gaining confidence in dealing with the social and medical implication of sexuality.

Financing and Regulating Health Care (3 cr.) DN845 covers selected legal issues in financing and regulation of the American health care system. The course emphasizes chief policy issues facing the American health care system today—cost, access, and equality of health care services for all Americans.

Issues in Death and Dying (2 cr.) DN694 examines the ethical, legal and medical issues concerning the refusal, removal and/or withdrawal of life-sustaining medical procedures, and assisted suicide. The course will consider whether there is a morally relevant distinction that should be reflected in our legal norms between passive measures, such as the refusal or removal of life support, and more active measures that bring about death. The course will survey legal issues such as treatment of the unconscious or non-competent patient, including infants, a discussion of living wills and durable powers of attorney, and recent constitutional developments relevant to the patient’s right to refuse medical treatment.

Law and Public Health (2 cr.) DN761 covers the law governing the practice of public health by state, local, and federal agencies, as well as health care professionals and institutions. Topics addressed include legal mandates on public health agencies, physicians, and other health practitioners regarding testing, reporting, and contact tracing with respect to specific diseases, as well as laws for the imposition of quarantine, civil commitment, and mandatory treatment. Also covered are public health aspects of the regulation of health care institutions, legal issues associated with risk assessment and cost benefit analysis, along with the environment.

Research on Human and Non-Human Subjects (2 cr.) DN693 surveys issues arising out of experimentation on human subjects and the treatment of animals in research. Topics for discussion will include an exploration of the philosophical nature of informed consent, coercion and exploitation in the human context, to the moral significance of sentience as a consideration in animal research, to an examination of the differences between therapeutic and non-therapeutic research.

Social Regulation of the Body and Its Processes (2 cr.) DN691 examines problems related to the social allocation of the body and its products such as the extent to which individuals have an ethically and legally protectable interest in their bodies and body processes. Topics for consideration will include the legal status of human ova and sperm, frozen embryos, and the products of medical research developed from materials taken from the bodies of interested subjects. The course will also consider the ethics and the legal regulation of organ allocation.

Topics in Health Law (2 or 3 cr.) DN763 examines specialized topics in health law not addressed in depth by other courses. Possible topics include health care fraud and abuse law, the regulation of long term care, the law of payment of health care providers, biotechnology and the law, genetics and the law, reproductive rights, end-of-life decision making, and privacy issues in health law. Prerequisites will vary according to the subject of the course as announced.

Combined Degrees in Medicine (M.D.) and Philosophy (M.A.)

Bioethics, the ethics of the life sciences, is a field of rapidly growing importance, both nationally and internationally. The development, delivery, financing, and regulation of healthcare products and services is a major economic and social endeavor. Bioethical issues - social, legal, and philosophical - confront a diverse array of institutions, including state and federal agencies, healthcare organizations, research and educational institutions, corporations (national and multinational), human rights organizations, medical insurers, and religious bodies. In combining the philosophical study of bioethics with the study of medicine, students will acquire the perspective, knowledge, and expertise that will equip them to provide leadership concerning the bioethical issues faced by such institutions, as well as to implement ethical principles in their own practice.

IUPUI is home to one of the nation’s largest health-profession complexes, one that boasts the nation’s second largest school of medicine. The IU School of Medicine is the only medical school in the nation’s thirteenth largest state, and is home to the state’s only residency programs in a variety of medical specialties.

Students completing the program will receive a Doctor of Medicine (M.D.) degree and a Master of Arts (M.A.) degree in Philosophy, with a concentration in bioethics.

Through the combined degrees program, the two degrees can be obtained with a total of 181 credits of coursework rather than the 194 credits required if the two degrees are obtained independently. Furthermore, the IU School of Medicine requires students to achieve a level 3 (the mastery level of competence) in three of the nine competencies that comprise the IUSM curriculum in order to be eligible for graduation. The combined degrees program provides participating students with the opportunity to achieve a level 3 in the Moral Reasoning and Ethical Judgment competency.

During their fifth year of study, students will choose two electives from a list of courses in Medicine (see below). While completion of these electives will earn the students 8 cr. towards the 164 cr. required for the M.D. degree, they may also count up to 6 of these credits towards the 30 cr. required for the M.A. in philosophy. Furthermore, students who successfully petition to complete a thesis/research project (P803) will be able to count 6 cr. for both degrees; however, students who elect the non-thesis option for the M.A. will still be able to receive a 6 cr. deduction for the total number of credits required for the M.D. degree

For the curricular requirements for each degree, please click M.D. or M.A. (Bioethics). Below is a sample schedule that shows how the curricular requirements for both degrees can be met in the combined degrees program:

Sample Schedule

First Year
Medicine Program: 40 cr.

Fall: Fall semester of MS1 year.

Spring: Spring semester of MS1 year.

Summer
Philosophy Program: 3 cr.

Students will be offered one 3 cr. course from the list of courses in the M.A. (Bioethics) curriculum.

Second Year
Medicine Program: 40 cr.

Fall: Fall semester of MS2 year.

Spring: Spring semester of MS2 year.

Third Year
Philosophy Program: 21 cr.

Fall: Students will choose three or four 3 cr. courses from the list of courses in the M.A. (Bioethics) curriculum (9-12 cr. total).

Spring: Students will choose three or four 3 cr. courses from the list of courses in the M.A. (Bioethics) curriculum (9-12 cr. total).

Fourth Year
Medicine Program: 44 cr.

MS3 year: Students may choose one course from the list below as an elective; up to 6 cr. from this list may be counted towards the M.A.

Fifth Year
Medicine Program: 40 cr.; Philosophy Program: 12 cr.

MS4 year: Students will have three required clinical rotations, a minimum of seven elective rotations (four of which must be established electives from Elective Program Catalog, and the required capstone course).

Students will choose two elective courses from the list shown below, one if they have already taken an elective from this list the previous year (8 cr. towards M.D. and 6 cr. towards M.A.).

COURSES IN MEDICINE (M.D.) THAT MAY COUNT AS SPECIALIZED ELECTIVES FOR PHILOSOPHY (M.A.)

93ZP700 Medicinal Ethics & Professionalism (4 cr.) Students will be assigned readings in important current topics and discuss these in seminars with faculty. They will also participate in ethics consultations and have opportunities to participate in research.

93ZP710 Leadership in Medicine (4 cr.) The curricula of most U.S. medical schools provide little or no opportunity for medical students to study leadership. Physicians are trained to view medicine in terms of the physician-patient relationship, yet many of the greatest opportunities to treat disease and promote health lie in the organizational and social contexts of healthcare. The future of medicine and the patients we serve depends on cultivating responsible and effective physician leaders. This course introduces medical students to the key traits and skills of effective leaders and provides them an opportunity to study these broader contexts of healthcare.

93MI697 Pulmonary Disease and Critical Care (4 cr.) A pulmonary medicine rotation with some critical care, including long-term acute care involvement with good exposure to ventilator management. Experience with good history taking, physical diagnosis, cardiopulmonary disease, diagnostic pulmonary laboratory testing, critical care, problem-oriented medical records and care and treatment. Emphasis also on moral reasoning and ethical judgment. Also: 49MP714, 49MP716, 49MP726, 49MP708, 93MP710, 93MP730, 02MP711

93MI860 Palliative Medicine (4 cr.) This course will offer an exposure to end of life care in a palliative care setting. The student will learn interdisciplinary approach to patient care, the value of expert emotional, social, and spiritual support, and the importance of bio-psycho-social factors in patient care. The student will be expected to make rounds with the palliative care team (social worker, chaplain, nurses, and physicians) and will also make home visits. The student will be exposed to ethical scenarios related to end of life care. Also: 49MI746, 49MI756

93PS890 Forensic Psychiatry (4 cr.) This elective is designed to give students exposure to forensic psychiatric evaluations of defendants in jail and office settings, the management and assessment of long-term forensic inpatients, and custody evaluations of families as part of divorce proceedings, with a background of readings on forensic psychiatry topics. Consideration of forensic psychiatry issues from moral/ethical perspectives will be emphasized, as will the social and policy implications of the practice of forensic psychiatry.

Dual Degrees in Public Health (M.P.H.) and Philosophy (M.A.)

The many advances in health sciences have resulted in new, complex ethical considerations for individuals, health care professionals, institutions and other relevant decision makers. Professionals in public health, prevention sciences, health sciences, the life sciences, and the social sciences have relied on the field of bioethics when dealing with controversial issues related to (1) individual vs. community rights, (2) analysis of benefits, harms, risks and costs, and (3) ethical issues in global health research.

Students will learn about ethical issues in population health practice, research and policy. For example, they will examine questions related to individual and community responsibilities during infectious disease outbreaks and man-made or natural disasters. They will consider the ethical implications of various public health practices related to human rights, domestic and international research, resource allocations, security, and genetic/health screenings, as well as other relevant areas.

Students completing the program will receive a Master of Public Health (M.P.H.) degree and a Master of Arts (M.A.) degree in Philosophy, with a concentration in either Bioethics or International Research Ethics.

Through the dual degrees program, the two degrees can be obtained with a total of 60 earned credits, as compared with the 75 cr. required if the degrees are obtained separately.

  • For students enrolled in the M.A.    concentration in Bioethics:
    • P602: Public Health     Internship (3 cr.) will be counted in place of PHIL P548: Clinical Ethics     Practicum (3 cr.).
    • Students must complete     a capstone research project which will be counted for both degrees by     receiving 3 cr. under P702/704/705 and 3 cr. under PHIL P803; the 6 cr.    total will be counted toward both degrees.
  • For students enrolled in the     M.A. concentration in International Research Ethics:
    • Students must complete     an 8 cr. practicum and capstone research project which will be counted     for both degrees by receiving 3 cr. under P602, 3 cr. under     P6702/704/705, and 2 cr. under P554; 6 cr. will be counted toward both     degrees.
  • Students may also select up     to 6 cr. of the following electives from either the M.A. or the M.P.H.    curricula (no more than 3 cr. from each) which will be counted for both     degrees:

M.A. Electives

    • LAW DN761: Law and     Public Health
    • LAW DN838: Bioethics     and Law
    • SOC R515: Sociology of     Health and Illness (Cross-listed course)
    • PHIL P548: Bioethics     and Pragmatism
    • PHIL P555: Ethical and     Policy Issues in International Research
    • PHIL P696: Topics in     Biomedical Ethics

M.P.H. Electives

    • PBHL R515: Sociology     of Health and Illness (Cross-listed course)
    • PBHL P611: Policy     Development, Implementation and Management
    • PBHL P613: Public     Health and Emergency Preparedness
    • PBHL P631: Maternal,    Child, and Family Health
    • PBHL P632: History of     Public Health   

For the curricular requirements for each degree, please click M.P.H., M.A. (Bioethics), or M.A. (International Research Ethics). Below is a sample schedule that shows how the curricular requirements for both degrees can be met in the dual degrees program for concentrations in Health Policy & Management (M.P.H.) and Bioethics (M.A.):

Sample Schedule

(Italicized courses are counted toward both degrees)

Semester 1 (12 cr.)

PBHL P500 Social & Behavioral in Public Health (3 cr.)

PBHL P504 U.S. Health Care Systems & Health Policy (3 cr.)

PBHL P517 Fund. of Epidemiology (3 cr.)

PHIL P540 Contemporary Ethical Theories (3 cr.)  

Semester 2 (12 cr.)

PBHL P519 Environmental Science in PH (3 cr.)

PBHL P551 Biostatistics for PH I (3 cr.)

PHIL P547 Foundations of Bioethics (3 cr.)

PHIL P553 Philosophy of Science (3 cr.)

Semester 3 (12 cr.)

PBHL P611 Policy Development, Implementation, Management (3 cr.)

PBHL P616 Strategic Planning for Health Services Orgs. (3 cr.)       

PBHL P658 Methods of Health Service & Policy Research (3 cr.)

MHHS M504 Intro. to Research Ethics (3 cr.)

Semester 4 (9 cr.)

PBHL P602 Public Health Internship (3 cr.)

PHIL P555 Ethical and Policy Issues in International Research (3 cr.)

PHIL P696 Topics in Biomedical Ethics (3 cr.)  

Semester 5 (9 cr.)

PBHL P619 Health Econ. for PH Professionals (3 cr.)

PBHL P609 Infectious Disease Epidemiology (3 cr.)

PBHL P612 Health Outcomes Research (3 cr.)

Semester 6 (6 cr.)

PBHL P705 Health Policy/Management Concentration Project (3 cr.)

PHIL P803 Research Project (3 cr.)